Fermenting & Pickling / Recipes

Quick and Easy Kimchi (Even If You Don’t Live Near an Asian Market)

Quick and easy kimchi (even if you don't live near an Asian market)

It’s been seven months (almost five years now!) since I moved to Bend. When I meet new folks in town or talk to friends back home, one of the main questions I’m always asked is, What do I miss most about Los Angeles?

Aside from the obvious—our community of friends and the good fortune of having lived near the ocean — the one thing I really, truly miss about being in a big city is the variety of Asian food and Asian markets within close proximity.

Related: My 14 Most-Asked Questions After 4 Years of Living in Bend, Oregon

Before I left LA, I actually went to all my favorite Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese grocers and stocked up on nonperishable items I might need for the next year!

Call me crazy, but I currently have a closet that’s stuffed with my favorite brands of organic soy sauce and fish sauce, jasmine and multigrain rices, dried kelp and seaweed paper, Korean sea salt, Korean gochujang and gochugaru, and an assortment of Shandong, ramen, and rice stick noodles. If the zombie apocalypse were to strike, you can all head to my house and we’ll be able to survive on Asian food for months!

Bend certainly has its fair share of excellent foodie-type food (somewhat surprising given its small-ish population), but the closest all-you-can-eat Korean BBQ joints are hours away, as are Asian grocers selling staples that aren’t available in typical supermarket “ethnic aisles.”

But I’m not complaining. I’ll happily take the lifestyle in Central Oregon if it merely means road trips to Portland or Eugene for my Asian fix.

While kimchi can easily be found in most well-stocked supermarkets these days, it’s hard to beat the flavor and texture (and cost!) of homemade kimchi. So when I’ve got an afternoon to spare, I like to make a big batch—and it only requires a trip to my local Safeway.

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Authentic kimchi comes many ways

Kimchi is something we devour frequently in this house, and we use it in a myriad of ways, from traditional kimchi jjigae and kimchi pancakes to pizza toppings and quesadilla fillings. (Though it might it sound weird, a kimchi- and cheese-filled quesadilla is fantastic, as is kimchi grilled cheese.)

I usually make a large batch of mak kimchi—the easy, “carelessly” cut-up kimchi—and keep a few jars in the fridge at all times. (From what I’ve learned, mak—the Korean word for careless or rough—indicates the shortcut used in this type of preparation, whereby the cabbage is roughly chopped instead of fermented whole.)

Homemade mak kimchi

I’ve never followed a standard recipe for my kimchi. Sometimes I add fermented shrimp or anchovies, or throw in a handful of perilla leaves or mustard greens. Sometimes I make a sweet porridge for the kimchi sauce, and sometimes I puree an Asian pear for sweetness instead.

Some traditional recipes even call for squid or oysters, and the beauty of kimchi is that the flavor varies widely by region, so there is no right or wrong way of making it.

But since being in Bend, I’ve found that fermented shrimp and Asian pears are either impossible to find or very expensive, so I’ve devised a fairly simple sauce that turns out a kimchi just as delicious as my former concoctions. It can be made by anyone, anywhere, without access to an Asian market.

The only things you’ll have to buy online are the gochugaru (Korean red pepper flakes) and perhaps the fish sauce (Red Boat brand is my favorite) if your local grocery store doesn’t carry some basic Asian pantry goods. But all other ingredients are easily found in any well-stocked supermarket, or in your own garden. Perhaps this recipe will inspire you to grow some of them yourself?

(As an aside, please don’t substitute American red pepper flakes—sometimes called crushed red peppers, like the stuff you sprinkle on pizza—or cayenne pepper or chili powder for Korean red pepper flakes. None of these are even close to being similar to gochugaru, which has a unique flavor profile that’s smoky and sweet in addition to having some heat.)

Kimchi ingredients

First, we have napa cabbage. This thing was made for kimchi. Its texture (both crisp and tender at the same time) is well suited for the quick fermentation process involved in making (or “ripening”) kimchi. Use the freshest and highest quality cabbage you can find, preferably organic.

Napa cabbage

If you don’t mind a longer fermentation and slightly denser texture, you can use red cabbage for its antioxidant benefits. (I have the recipe right here for red cabbage kimchi!)

Next, daikon radish or Korean radish (which is just a type of daikon, but more squat in shape). If you can’t find daikon this time of year, you can try another mild winter radish in its place, try a completely different and mildly flavored vegetable altogether (kohlrabi is delicious), or omit it entirely. Spring and summer radishes tend to be peppery or spicy and will give the kimchi a very different flavor.

Daikon radish

Then, we have carrots, leeks (white and light green parts only), scallions, ginger, onion, and garlic. You’ll be using almost a whole head of garlic in this recipe! (To quickly peel all the cloves, I use this time-saving method from Saveur. Or, you could save even more time by buying pre-peeled garlic cloves.)

Leek, garlic, onion, scallions, ginger, and carrots

And finally, a sweet, crisp apple to tie all the spices and aromatics together. I typically use a Gala, Fuji, Honeycrisp, or Golden Delicious apple, but any variety that’s more sweet than tart will work. You can also try a pear for added sweetness.

Sweet apple

(By the way, don’t feel intimidated by the long list of ingredients—half of them will simply be dumped into a blender to make the sauce.)

This easy kimchi recipe can be halved or even doubled. Let’s get to it!

Quick and easy kimchi

Quick and easy kimchi recipe

Makes 6 quarts

Ingredients

5 pounds napa cabbage
1/2 cup flaky sea salt or kosher salt
1 1/2 cups julienned daikon
1 1/2 cups julienned carrots
1 1/2 cups thinly sliced leeks (white and light green parts only)
6 scallions, cut into 1-inch segments
1 apple, cored and chopped
2 cups water
1 to 1 1/2 cups gochugaru (depending on heat preference)
1/2 cup fish sauce
1/2 cup finely chopped onion
1/2 cup finely chopped garlic
1 1/2 tablespoons minced ginger

Method

Cut the cabbage into quarters lengthwise. Remove the cores and thinly slice the cores. Roughly chop the rest of the cabbage into 1-inch pieces.

Chop the cabbage into bite-sized pieces

Pile all of the cabbage into a huge bowl or basin; you can also use your sink if it has a stopper. (Note: I used an 8-quart bowl in these images because my larger bowl was already in use. It’s doable but a tight fit. I’ve linked my larger, and preferred, 13-quart bowl in the recipe sources below, which I usually use for full batches.)

Sprinkle the salt over the cabbage and cover with cold water. Every 30 minutes or so, turn the cabbage over with your hands to distribute the salt evenly. Massage the leaves with your hands to expel more moisture each time.

Salt the cabbage leaves

After 1 1/2 to 2 hours, strain the cabbage in a large colander and rinse with clean cold water. The leaves should be soft and limp, and the volume of cabbage reduced by half.

The cabbage leaves will turn soft and limp after two hours

In a large bowl, combine the cabbage with the daikon, carrots, leeks, and scallions. Set aside.

Combine all of the vegetables in a large bowl
Vegetables ready to be fermented for kimchi

In a blender, puree the apple, water, gochugaru, fish sauce, onion, garlic, and ginger until well blended. Pour the sauce over the vegetables in the bowl, and toss to coat. I use a pair of “salad hands” for this task, but if you want to mix it all together with your hands, be sure to don a pair of gloves so you don’t get the fiery red pepper sauce on your skin!

Transfer the kimchi and all the sauce to clean jars, leaving at least 1 inch of headspace in each jar to allow room for expansion. Tamp down on the kimchi with a spoon to help release more liquid from the vegetables and keep them submerged in the sauce.

Transfer the kimchi to clean jars
Tamp down on the vegetables to expel more liquid
The vegetables will naturally release more liquid as they ferment

Don’t worry if it looks like there isn’t enough sauce in each jar; as the vegetables start to ferment, they’ll release more liquid overnight. Just remember to keep tamping down on the vegetables each day to expel more liquid and help them stay submerged.

Loosely cover the jars with lids (you don’t want to tighten them too much, as the fermentation gases need space to escape) and place them on a baking sheet or shallow pan to catch any overflow of liquid.

Leave the jars out at room temperature, away from direct sunlight, for three days. You’ll start to see small bubbles in the jars, signs that the kimchi is fermenting properly.

On the third day, use a clean utensil to taste the kimchi from one of the jars. If it has a pleasantly tangy taste (thanks to all that beneficial Lactobacilli bacteria brewing in your kimchi) and the flavors are balanced (not too salty or too pungent), the jars are ready to be refrigerated.

Saying “not too pungent” might seem like an oxymoron when we’re talking kimchi here, but good, fresh kimchi should be crisp, tingly, and lightly acidic with a deep umami layer. It should never have a rotten or “off” smell.

How temperature affects kimchi

Refrigerated jars will continue to ferment, but at a much slower rate, leaving you time to enjoy your kimchi. It usually lasts for three to four months before the flavor and texture start to decline (although it never truly goes “bad” since kimchi is a fermented product).

Freshly made kimchi should taste pleasantly sour with a deep umami layer

Lower room temperatures may slow the rate of fermentation, so if your home tends to stay on the cooler side, it may take an extra day or two for the kimchi to ripen. Taste it each day and refrigerate as soon as the flavor develops to your liking. The longer you let it sit, the more sour it will turn (and some people actually prefer it this way, almost like a vinegar pickle).

On the flip side, a very warm house may speed up fermentation, so start tasting your kimchi on day two.

(If you end up with kimchi that’s turned too sour to eat fresh, all is not lost! Try my kimchi jjigae, a Korean stew that tastes amazing with aged, or overripe, kimchi.)

Where to buy kimchi-making supplies

Vollrath Stainless Steel 8-Quart Mixing Bowl | Vollrath Stainless Steel 13-Quart Mixing Bowl | Nutri Ninja Blender Duo with Auto-iQ | Tae-kyung Gochugaru Korean Red Chili Pepper Flakes | Red Boat Premium Fish Sauce | Totally Bamboo Salad Hands | Ball Wide Mouth Elite Collection Quart Jar | Ball Wide Mouth Plastic Storage Cap | TeamFar Stainless Steel Baking Pan (similar)
Yield: 6 quarts

Quick and Easy Kimchi

Freshly made kimchi should taste pleasantly sour with a deep umami layer

How do you make kimchi if you don't live near an Asian market? Here's an authentic homemade version that uses fairly simple ingredients and is adaptable to other ingredients you might have on hand.

Prep Time 25 minutes
Additional Time 3 days
Total Time 3 days 25 minutes

Ingredients

  • 5 pounds napa cabbage
  • 1/2 cup flaky sea salt or kosher salt
  • 1 1/2 cups julienned daikon
  • 1 1/2 cups julienned carrots
  • 1 1/2 cups thinly sliced leeks (white and light green parts only)
  • 6 scallions, cut into 1-inch segments
  • 1 apple, cored and chopped
  • 2 cups water
  • 1 to 1 1/2 cups gochugaru (depending on heat preference)
  • 1/2 cup fish sauce
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped onion
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped garlic
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons minced ginger

Instructions

  1. Cut the cabbage into quarters lengthwise. Remove the cores and thinly slice the cores. Roughly chop the rest of the cabbage into 1-inch pieces.
  2. Pile all of the cabbage into a huge bowl or basin; you can also use your sink if it has a stopper.
  3. Sprinkle the salt over the cabbage and cover with cold water. Every 30 minutes or so, turn the cabbage over with your hands to distribute the salt evenly. Massage the leaves with your hands to expel more moisture each time.
  4. After 1 1/2 to 2 hours, strain the cabbage in a large colander and rinse with clean cold water. The leaves should be soft and limp, and the volume of cabbage reduced by half.
  5. In a large bowl, combine the cabbage with the daikon, carrots, leeks, and scallions. Set aside.
  6. In a blender, puree the apple, water, gochugaru, fish sauce, onion, garlic, and ginger until well blended. Pour the sauce over the vegetables in the bowl, and toss to coat. I use a pair of “salad hands” for this task, but if you want to mix it all together with your hands, be sure to don a pair of gloves so you don’t get the fiery red pepper sauce on your skin!
  7. Transfer the kimchi and all the sauce to clean jars, leaving 1 to 2 inches of headspace in each jar to allow room for expansion. Tamp down on the kimchi with a spoon to help release more liquid from the vegetables and keep them submerged in the sauce.

    Don’t worry if it looks like there isn’t enough sauce in each jar; as the vegetables start to ferment, they’ll release more liquid overnight. Just remember to keep tamping down on the vegetables each day to expel more liquid and help them stay submerged.
  8. Loosely cover the jars with lids (you don’t want to tighten them too much, as the fermentation gases need space to escape) and place them on a baking sheet or shallow pan to catch any overflow of liquid.
  9. Leave the jars out at room temperature, away from direct sunlight, for three days. You’ll start to see small bubbles in the jars, signs that the kimchi is fermenting properly.

    On the third day, use a clean utensil to taste the kimchi from one of the jars. If it has a pleasantly tangy taste (thanks to all that beneficial Lactobacilli bacteria brewing in your kimchi) and the flavors are balanced (not too salty or too pungent), the jars are ready to be refrigerated.

Notes

Refrigerated jars will continue to ferment, but at a much slower rate, leaving you time to enjoy your kimchi. It usually lasts for three to four months before the flavor and texture start to decline (although it never truly goes “bad” since kimchi is a fermented product).

Lower room temperatures may slow the rate of fermentation, so if your home tends to stay on the cooler side, it may take an extra day or two for the kimchi to ripen. Taste it each day and refrigerate as soon as the flavor develops to your liking. The longer you let it sit, the more sour it will turn (and some people actually prefer it this way, almost like a vinegar pickle).

On the flip side, a very warm house may speed up fermentation, so start tasting your kimchi on day two.

Nutrition Information:

Yield:

48

Serving Size:

1

Amount Per Serving: Calories: 16Total Fat: 0gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 1431mgCarbohydrates: 3gFiber: 0gSugar: 1gProtein: 1g

Nutrition information isn’t always accurate.

Did you make this recipe?

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This post updated from an article that originally appeared on May 16, 2018.

About Author

I'm a plant lover, passionate road-tripper, and cookbook author whose expert advice and bestselling books have been featured in TIME, Outside, HGTV, and Food & Wine. The No-Waste Vegetable Cookbook is my latest book. Garden Betty is where I write about modern homesteading, farm-to-table cooking, and outdoor adventuring—all that encompass a life well-lived outdoors. After all, the secret to a good life is... Read more »

9 Comments

  • Jeremy Heyl
    November 5, 2020 at 4:53 pm

    How did I miss this recipe? We’ve been getting a lot of our produce from a local organic farm this year- trying to support local as much as possible in this weird new normal. I got a head of Napa cabbage last week and immediately thought ‘kimchi’. I stressed over ingredients until I saw this. I made enough for two quart jars and used kohlrabi as you suggested instead of daikon- its on day three and tastes wonderful! I bought the EZ fermenter lids for my ball jars and they are working really well. BTW- I went out to lunch with a co-worker who is a first generation Korean-American, he took me to one of his favorite spots and I ordered the jjigae. He was impressed as hell when he found out that I not only knew what it was made with over-ripe kimchi- but that I had made it in the past!

    Reply
  • Matt
    May 10, 2020 at 6:55 pm

    I think it’s safe to assume there’s no access to Napa cabbage, daikon, or Korean chilli powder if you don’t live near an Asian market…

    Reply
    • Linda from Garden Betty
      May 16, 2020 at 4:40 am

      Napa cabbage and daikon are available at my neighborhood Safeway and I’m in a mountain town with a non-existent Asian population. I wouldn’t say it’s uncommon, it probably just depends on local demand. You might have better luck at a store like Whole Foods if the regular supermarket doesn’t carry them. But yes, you will need to purchase gochugaru online. If it’s not on Amazon, you can order it from hmart.com.

      Reply
  • Heejoo Kim
    December 8, 2019 at 8:17 pm

    I am a Korean, but never made kimchi myself- probably due to my mom who visits twice a year here in Georgetown KY and make kimchi for our family. LOL . I will use your recipe to give it a try! Thank you!

    Reply
    • Linda from Garden Betty
      December 17, 2019 at 4:03 am

      You’re welcome! Let me know what you think of it! It’s also a great recipe to use as a base for your own unique creation. 🙂 (I like salted fermented shrimp in mine too, when I get a jar from a “big city” Asian market.)

      Reply
      • Heejoo Kim
        December 17, 2019 at 1:31 pm

        What a pleasant surprise! It was very similar to my mom’s kimchi!! OMG, we are from Seoul area and dont like too salty and dry kimchi but this one (probably due to short hours in salt) was really crunchy and had that “cool” taste to it which is our kimchi style : ). Appreciate a lot! Great recipe, Linda!

        Reply
        • Linda from Garden Betty
          December 20, 2019 at 1:37 am

          You’re very welcome! I’m so glad you like it!

          Reply
  • Brandi Young
    May 16, 2018 at 3:29 pm

    Is it possible to make a small batch in case I don’t prefer the flavor? I really want to try this because the ingredients look delicious but I am nervous to commit to this quantity.

    Reply
    • Linda from Garden Betty
      May 28, 2018 at 11:10 pm

      Yes! You can halve or quarter the recipe as needed.

      Reply

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