Salt Point on the Sonoma Coast
Outdoor Adventures, Road Trips

Salt Point on the Sonoma Coast

Living in California means I’ve seen my fair share of beaches, and spectacularly beautiful ones at that, from the dramatic coves down the hill from my house to the Central California coastline that includes Big Sur.

So I don’t say it lightly when I profess that Salt Point, a serene stretch of coastline in Northern California, ranks up there as one of the most picturesque beaches in the state.

Salt Point is actually a California State Park encompassing over 6,000 acres of Sonoma County, and its ocean front comprises six miles of rugged, rocky coastline. The park is named for the salt crystals found in cracks and crevices along the shore.

From Highway 1, a tangle of pine and oak trees rises from the promontories that define Salt Point. Miles of hiking trails snake around the cliffs, including a path that climbs up to the wooden deck on Sentinel Rock.

One of the many trails winding around Salt Point

Coastal forest

Tangle of oaks and pines

The trail up to Sentinel Rock

Sweeping panoramic views abound on top of Sentinel Rock, and while fog typically hugs the coast (even in summer), you do get the occasional clear sky over the cove which paints the water a majestic royal blue.

Climbing up Sentinel Rock

Overlooking Fisk Mill Cove

Forested hills above the cove

Wooden deck on Sentinel Rock

A peek at the beach

On top of Sentinel Rock

Royal blue cove

But what makes Salt Point so special from the other 834 miles of coastline in California?

Take a short hike down the steep cliffs at Fisk Mill Cove or Gerstle Cove and an alien-like landscape greets you: mounds of undulating sandstone, khaki-colored and worn smooth from centuries of water tumbling over the rocks. Layers of sediment preserved and carved by ocean spray, forming fantastic pits, ridges, ribs, and knobs at the water’s edge.

Salt Point beach

Salt-sculpted sandstone beach

Fisk Mill Cove at Salt Point

Sandstone at Fisk Mill Cove

Sandstone shoreline

Sandstone cliff

Smooth sandstone carved by salt crystals

These strange formations are known as tafoni (thought to derive from taffoni, the Sicilian word for “holes”) and they’re a fascinating study into the effects of salt crystals interacting with sandstone in a harsh coastal climate. As salt and other minerals soak into the stone, they strengthen and sculpt some parts while softening others. A single sweeping wave can harden or dissolve it, leaving behind an ever-changing array of honeycombs.

Tafoni at Salt Point

Tafoni formation

Tafoni in Salt Point

The sandstone was so abundant in the area that in the 1850s, a San Francisco company quarried the rock to create the streets and buildings in the city (as well as the naval facility on Mare Island).

These days, Salt Point is a protected park and you can explore the ancient sea stacks that are continually shifting every year, even every month. And I find it so romantic that every visit will never quite be like the last one.

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