When I propagated lemongrass (purchased from the grocery store) for my garden, I started with only three stalks and planted them in the ground once the roots reached a few inches.
They were given ample sun, weekly watering in the summer, no (or hardly any) watering in the winter, and quickly grew into something that kinda resembled Cousin It.
That original bundle of three little stalks looks like this now.
And embarrassingly, this is what it looks like most of the year as I’m kind of a lazy gardener. The shrub-like herb has multiplied into a clump of at least 50 stalks, with the whole plant spanning 4 feet wide by 4 feet high.
I don’t often trim it or divide it, but since it’s spring and lemongrass doesn’t really get going again until summer, it was high time to give it a much-needed haircut.
Here’s how you can tell your plant is dormant, plus my simple technique for pruning lemongrass and keeping it healthy all year long.
When does lemongrass go dormant?
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) enters dormancy when temperatures start to dip below 45°F.
In USDA Hardiness Zones 10 and above, lemongrass slows down in winter and doesn’t put out as many new leaves each week. The plant is still green, but its leaves will look a bit bedraggled after a long growing season.
In zones 8b and 9, you’ll think the plant has died as the leaves turn brown in winter. But not to worry! Lemongrass roots are typically hardy in zones 8b and 9. With a frost blanket or heavy layer of straw mulch over the soil, the plant has a good chance of returning year after year (even when the leaves die back).
Colder zones need to overwinter lemongrass indoors before the first frost hits. It’s happiest in a dimly lit room that’s kept at 50°F to 60°F (like a basement or garage), where it stays dormant through the cold, dark days of winter.
Special note for overwintering lemongrass: Cut the leaves off to keep the plant tidy and manageable, and water sparingly so it stays alive through the winter months. (It won’t grow during this time, but will happily hang out until it’s ready to kick into action again in spring.)
When should you prune lemongrass?
The best time to cut back your lemongrass is while it’s dormant, but not until temperatures start to warm up in spring. This can be anywhere from late February to late April, depending on your climate.
Nighttime temperatures should stay consistently in the mid-40°Fs for lemongrass to successfully bounce back from an early-season trim.
How to cut back lemongrass in cold climates
If you’re in zones 8b to 9, your job is easy: simply pull back the frost blanket (or mulch) and cut down the entire plant to just a couple inches above the tender white part of the stalk, removing all the brown leaves.
(Do this for overwintered lemongrass too. You can start to harden off the plant outside once it’s been pruned.)
It feels a bit shocking, I know, but as summer creeps closer, your lemongrass will grow back quickly.
How to cut back lemongrass in mild climates
Gardeners whose plants stay green all winter just need to maintain the shape of the shrub. Light pruning of the leaf tips can be done throughout the year, but a heavy pruning should be done in spring to give your lemongrass a chance to grow stronger and healthier.
To begin, rake out all the dead leaves under the plant. (If this is your first time pruning, you might be surprised by how much organic matter accumulates under there.)
Then put on some gloves (those leaf edges are paper-cut sharp!) and pull out any brown outer stalks as well as brown or rusted leaves.
You may have to reach in between the clump to get all the leaves out (but leave the inner stalks intact, as those are the newer ones). Generally, I give a light tug and anything dead comes out easily.
Once you’ve removed all the brown bits, use hedge shears to cut back the leaves. I just do a straight cut across, trimming one section of leaves at a time (similar to trimming bangs, if you’re into home haircuts).
Trim as much as you want, as lemongrass can take a pretty good pruning. I like to trim my plant into a Tina Turner-esque mound of grass, keeping it short and neat.
Once you’ve got the shape you want, you can finesse the cut and go all Edwards Scissorhands on it, trimming random brown tips here and there until your OCD wears off.
When finished, you should have a shapely green clump with healthy white stalks.
The arrival of summer will spur your lemongrass to grow vigorously again, and new leaves will fill out the plant more.
Did you know? Lemongrass (Cymbopogon sp.) is sometimes called the citronella plant, as that’s where citronella oil (a natural mosquito repellent) comes from. But confusingly, it’s not the only citronella plant: the so-called “mosquito plant” (Pelargonium ‘Citrosum’) also goes by that common name.
How to tell them apart? Simple: Cymbopogon is a tall perennial grass, while Pelargonium ‘Citrosum’ is a member of the geranium family (and recognizable by its leaf shape).
How to maintain lemongrass throughout the year
If you don’t use your lemongrass that often, try to keep the clump in check by removing wilted outer stalks once a month.
Maintaining your plant (simply by harvesting it) helps reduce the spread of pests and diseases. (Lemongrass is susceptible to rust, a fungal infection that favors warm temperatures and high moisture.)
Or, you can dig up healthy stalks with the roots intact and replant them elsewhere in your garden to thin out the clump. If you’re doing some major dividing, you can even pot up a few stalks in soil to give as gifts!
Try this recipe: Fresh Lemongrass-Ginger Ale
This post updated from an article that originally appeared on May 1, 2013.
Alison Gray-GreenAugust 15, 2021 at 6:30 am
Thank you for a really informative page! I live in Lincolnshire UK and have three large pots of lemon grass growing in my greenhouse. I was going to put them in the soil there, but have now decided to pot them on and have them on my patio for the summer. I shall be making lemongrass cordial as well!
MariskaJanuary 12, 2021 at 4:02 am
I just started growing my lemongrass. It’s produced new stalks but I’m noticing white fuzz / very fine hair on the stalks. Is this normal?
Some of my other houseplants were attacked by mealybugs but I don’t think this is the case with the lemongrass..
Linda LyJanuary 18, 2021 at 1:33 am
I’ve never seen white fuzz on my lemongrass plant, but if you’re growing it indoors, it’s just as prone to pests as your other houseplants.
Tera PatricApril 2, 2020 at 4:49 am
I recently went extreme Edward Scissorhands and cut down all my lemongrass to 2 – 3 inches above ground. It’s Spring now in Houston (with the summer humidity right around the corner) and besides the frequent rains, I also water my plants regularly. How long would you guesstimate it growing back to edible height or thickness? Thanks!
Linda from Garden BettyApril 30, 2020 at 3:52 am
I don’t know how long it would take to grow in your climate, but once the stalks are at least a foot tall and half an inch thick, you can harvest them.
IanMarch 11, 2020 at 12:02 pm
Slightly different conditions as I live by the Med.
No frost but night down to 10C. and seasonal rain.
Now back to 20C so growing again but do the brown leaves inhibit growth?
With plenty water thrive and leaves grow (about 1 in. per day after trimming) during the summer.
Thanks you help,
Linda from Garden BettyMarch 25, 2020 at 11:42 pm
Hi, the brown leaves don’t inhibit growth but they can get messy, reduce airflow, and promote rot. It’s best to remove them.
Famj JensenAugust 31, 2020 at 2:18 pm
I can attest to this.
PedroDecember 14, 2019 at 3:23 pm
Hi again. Put 3 in a plastic pot with slightly damp home-made compost all around and into our garage. Will check in a month or so to check moisture level.
Linda from Garden BettyDecember 17, 2019 at 4:09 am
Hi, that should work. You should also periodically mist the leaves with water (or bring the
pot into the shower, the way you do with houseplants) to increase humidity levels and keep the plant happy. I actually overwinter my lemongrass in the greenhouse as it stays pretty humid in there (we heat it with a giant hot compost pile).
PedroDecember 17, 2019 at 6:16 am
Thanks for your reply. I did cut the leafs to the ground before I moved into the garage. BTW, it sounds like you moved to Bend. We visit there 1-2x a year. Lots to do there and many good restaurants.
Linda from Garden BettyDecember 20, 2019 at 1:16 am
Yes I did. 🙂 Love it in Bend!
PedroDecember 5, 2019 at 8:32 pm
Hi Linda, we are in southern Oregon and temps get into 20’s. I dug out/trimmed back, 3 of our 1 y/o lemongrass and am not sure how to overwinter. I plan to leave in our garage (usually in the 50’s,) in a box or container with peat or rice hulls. Do I need to keep damp or if dry….will they croak ? TIA.
JA ScottOctober 5, 2019 at 6:58 pm
About to overwinter my lemongrass plant here in NW CT, I really enjoyed your post. Thanks!
Linda from Garden BettyNovember 22, 2019 at 1:31 am
You’re welcome! Glad it was helpful!
April ShamelJune 9, 2019 at 11:40 am
I thought my lemongrass made a comeback but now it has NO SMELL. Unless the new blades take time to develop an aroma, I think a different grass may have taken up residency right on top of what was formerly lemongrass. I still don’t know for sure, so I’m not reusing the pot for something else, until I’m certain that’s not my lemongrass anymore.
Linda from Garden BettyJune 9, 2019 at 10:52 pm
That’s very possible, though lemongrass stalks are quite distinctive from other grasses. Are you smelling the actual stalks, or just the leaves?
Elli W StricklinJune 5, 2019 at 9:40 pm
just saw this post.. I see you are in oregon. Do you think the lemongrass can be outside all winter long in seattle ?
Linda from Garden BettyJune 9, 2019 at 11:23 pm
No. Lemongrass is a tropical plant that needs moisture and humidity. I’d recommend growing it as a houseplant, inside a greenhouse, or overwintering it indoors.
SigAugust 13, 2015 at 7:29 pm
That is the best ever description on how to prune something. I hope you have these guides for kiwi fruit, passion fruit and many other plants!! Thanks heaps!!
Linda LyAugust 20, 2015 at 7:53 pm
Thank you, I’m happy you found it useful!
ted939February 6, 2015 at 5:44 pm
Great how-to on the lemongrass (or “fever grass” as the local islander told me off the coast of Nicaragua as I was sweating and shivering for a couple days there with dengue fever. “Have da lady ova deh make you some tea wit dis.”, he said, as he cut it from the jungle and wrapped it up nicely for me.)
MY lemongrass plant in the backyard was a 2’+ diameter, 2′ tall dense beauty a few months ago, and then I didn’t water it for a long time, and about 90% of it died off brown and crunchy, and I’ve been wondering what to do with it – so thanks for your article!
I can add this – I took some of that dried crumbly dead leafage and made tea with it – it was great! I guess it’s like dried herbs, but they just dried on the stalk naturally.
Now if I could just find someone to put my 3’x3’x2′ lemon geranium beast to harvest and use (I don’t have the time to figure out what to do with it, but it is thriving!)
Linda LyFebruary 6, 2015 at 10:08 pm
Lemongrass is wonderful and its medicinal benefits are a bonus. It’s one of the most-used herbs in my garden!
Ted "Motor City Madman" NugentJune 21, 2017 at 12:13 am
Holy cow, I also got the dengue in Nicaragua! It was the summer of 2005… I was playing baseball in their professional league. Random! I’m growing lemongrass here on Delmarva. No idea it’s helpful with fevers!
ValerieFebruary 1, 2022 at 5:18 pm
Love the descriptions/examples and photos…. It test helped in visualizing the instructions!!!
FanniefarmerJanuary 29, 2015 at 6:29 am
The nicest thing I’ve found to do with lemongrass is use its essential oil as a scent for cold process soap. One of my friends says she takes two showers a day to enjoy the soothing calming happy scent. She swears it cures anxiety and the blues.
meadowFebruary 27, 2014 at 3:53 pm
I live west of roswell,nm–the icy cold winds we had these past couple of months I think finally browned up 3 young lemon grass plants to the point I think they might be dead :(( I left them out in their square planters in a partial covered porch(I was careful about watering them during the days it got over 65 and of course I mulched them to give them warmth. My husband trimmed them the other day and I noticed out of all 3 clumps, maybe 10 leaves if that are trying to turn green. It’s still February and we’ve had above 70 deg temps–will they come back and any advise what to do with them at this point will be greatly appreciated. I wish there was a way to upload pics of them here 🙁
lawliettFebruary 18, 2014 at 8:58 pm
Can the lemongrass be grown in just a big pot of water? We live in high rise apartments with limited space and no garden. We use 3-4 stalks a week for cooking and i thot we should grow them instead.
Linda LyFebruary 19, 2014 at 3:17 am
No, you’ll have to move the lemongrass to a container once you’ve rooted the stalks. They grow to fit the space you give them, so they’ll be fine in a 1-gallon pot but if you’re using 3-4 stalks a week, you’ll want to put them in a 3-gallon pot or bigger. Keep in mind they also grow quite large and bushy, and require ample sun.
CorinneSeptember 23, 2013 at 4:06 pm
This is my first year I am growing lemongrass from seed. How do I know when to harvest this herb. Also I live in Chicago, is there an way I can keep some for the winter months, I just love it in soup.
Linda LySeptember 23, 2013 at 9:54 pm
I have never grown lemongrass from seed so I don’t know how long it takes for harvest. But I’d assume you can start harvesting when the stalks look like the ones you’d find in a store. I pull mine when they’re about the size of my thumb.
If you want lemongrass to survive the winter, you should start some in a pot indoors. You can also freeze the stems and dry the leaves.
theGardenBettyMay 3, 2013 at 11:01 am
Two-Year Lemongrass Updated (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/EyosPxHvmp #gardenchat < TY for RT! @Balkongroenten @Lochabar
theGardenBettyMay 2, 2013 at 9:00 pm
You can grow this at home! Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/UZOMbcQJ4U #gardenchat #gardening
Laurie_MarchMay 2, 2013 at 3:03 pm
RT @theGardenBetty: It all started with store-bought stalks: Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/WjStE…
theGardenBettyMay 2, 2013 at 3:02 pm
It all started with store-bought stalks: Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/WjStEOAhuw #gardenchat
Misti @oceanicwilderness.comMay 2, 2013 at 5:19 am
Nice! I bought a clump for our flower garden as an ornamental with intentions to use it for cooking. Glad to know it’ll get nice and bushy! Do you dry any of the green cuttings or is it best used fresh?
Linda LyMay 2, 2013 at 8:29 pm
You can dry the leaves to make herbal teas (and I imagine they’d be nice for infusing broths), but I have so much lemongrass that I always just use it fresh.
theGardenBettyMay 1, 2013 at 6:00 pm
So easy to grow at home! Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/8VW4ZbnU7w #gardenchat #gardening
LochabarMay 1, 2013 at 12:17 pm
RT @theGardenBetty: What homegrown lemongrass looks like: Two-Year Lemongrass Updated (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/EyosPxH…
BalkongroentenMay 1, 2013 at 12:09 pm
RT @theGardenBetty: What homegrown lemongrass looks like: Two-Year Lemongrass Updated (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/EyosPxH…
theGardenBettyMay 1, 2013 at 12:01 pm
What homegrown lemongrass looks like: Two-Year Lemongrass Updated (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/EyosPxHvmp #gardenchat
Elisa ArifMay 1, 2013 at 7:08 am
Elisa Arif liked this on Facebook.
BG_gardenMay 1, 2013 at 6:02 am
Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing):
Actually, make that two and a half years… Back … http://t.co/AmEOTZKp7N
theGardenBettyMay 1, 2013 at 6:01 am
Blogged on Garden Betty: Two-Year Lemongrass Update (and How to Tame That Wild Thing) http://t.co/fHyGk24zPt